Saturday, February 27, 2010
Author: Himanshu Prabha Ray
Author has detailed, in the 9 chapters , the birth and growth leading to the establishment of Archaeology as a discipline of study in colonial and post-independent India set in the backdrop of Sir Mortimer Wheeler taking over as Director-General of ASI, his contributions to Indian Archaeology.
Now, let us move to the tidbits.
1. First scientific excavation was done in 1784 Thomas Jefferson, the third President of United States.
2. Earlier name of Rajpath-Janpath is Kingsway-Queensway (carfax).
3. A zoological museum was setup in Madras Christian College, Madras in 1838.
4. Rudyard Kipling's source of information about Buddhist sculpture came from his father Lockwood Kipling who has been a curator of Lahore Museum.
5. Efforts to develop a museum in Madras began in 1819 but did not materialize until 1834 until Madras Literary Society 'requested the government to setup a museum of economic geology'. In 1851, the museum was started in the College of Fort St.George, later shifted to the present site (Egmore) in 1854.
6. First museum collection initiated by the Asiatic Society in 1796.
7. Wheeler, while talking about Indians who had worked with him in various excavations, has special mention for A.Aiyappan, the Superintendent of Madras Museum. 'as a colleague'. Aiyappan, an ethnologist and a student of Malinowski, had accompanied Wheeler to the finds of Arikamedu.
8. The chapter on conservation policy has some interesting details about the policies followed, rifts between CPWD and ASI over who should undertake conservation of the Taj Mahal, memos exchanged between the concerned departmental officers about the legality / illegality of wearing shoes or overshoes by visitors to Taj Mahal, twisting of history by 'guides' and the excessive rates they charged the visiting American officers from USA Air Depot.
9. Snippet of correspondence between ASI Superintendent and the Collector of Chingelput over the protection and conservation of Megaliths in chapter 6 is quite disturbing to read. This extract is part of exchange dated 15 March 1945 and sites the indifferent attitude of governing authorities in allowing quarrying to be done in localities where 'the monuments of the character specified here are particularly found'. Examples of these localities are, Nanmangalam, Guduvancheri.
10. Appendix has two tables A6.1 and A6.2. Former lists 05 sites in the Sriperumbudur taluk for the protection of Megalithic cists and cairns under section 3 of AMP Act of 1904 dated 13 September 1946 and the latter 13 sites in Ponneri and Tiruvallur taluks for the protection of Megalithic cists and cairns with bounding stone circles under section 3 of AMP Act of 1904 dated23 January 1947. All these sites were part of Chingelput district.
If this was the situation 60 years ago, nobody knows what happened to all the finds / excavations in these sites ? How they could have survived the quarrying ?
Friday, February 26, 2010
Wednesday, February 3, 2010
It's wondering to note what kind of problems CWT could have faced had he not changed his name ? This led me to search for answers which some of you might be already aware of but will share with you as is (without any comments or observations):
1. This reference (partial text extract is given below) is from a Google mailing list : http://groups.google.com.mt/
"Why did C. W. Thamotharam give a Hindu name in Madras?
Prof. R. Hoole gives a reason
"I recall how my ancestor Charles Winslow Kingsbury with the “home name” Thamotharam, despite his accomplishments as one of Madras University’s first 2 graduates in 1857 (and of getting the higher mark of the two ) renamed himself Chirupitty Wairawanathar Thamotharampillai when he went to Madras Presidency.
This ensured that
a) he had access to the Sangam-era Ola manuscripts in the mutts that he is credited with restoring,
b) he kept his original initials and
c) he removed obstacles to his becoming Rao Bahadur and, as chief justice, Regent in Puthukkottai. To maintain this farce he only had to whisper to his Jaffna friends on arrival in Madras not to let on that he was a Christian in Jaffna. (See S.R. H. Hoole, 1997; ibid.).
Such was the disadvantage of a Christian in India in learned circles."
2. I believe the extracted text is part of another article written by Ranjan Hoole, one of C.W.Thamotharapillai's kinsmen. His article is very elaborate and the main subject of his article is quite different. Here is the URL to the seven page article,
Extracted text reproduced in the first point is taken from Ranjan Hoole's article (URL given above) -- last para in the first page of this article.